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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2013 Mar 10;367(1-2):116-23. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2012.12.027. Epub 2013 Jan 11.

Erythropoietin improves insulin resistance via the regulation of its receptor-mediated signaling pathways in 3T3L1 adipocytes.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, No. 3 People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

Recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) reduces serum insulin levels, increases insulin sensitivity, and reduces insulin resistance (IR). However, the mechanisms behind these effects are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which rHuEPO effects IR in 3T3L1 adipocytes. After treatment with different concentrations of rHuEPO, glucose consumption, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), adiponectin, and leptin levels were assayed with a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Endogenous erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) expression was inhibited using small interfering RNA (siRNA). EPOR protein and mRNA expression was detected via immunofluorescence and real-time PCR analyses, respectively. The expression of pAKT/AKT and p-STAT5/STAT5 was determined via Western blot analysis. rHuEPO treatment improved glucose uptake, increased adiponectin levels, and reduced TNF-α and leptin levels in 3T3L1 adipocytes with dexamethasone-induced IR. Whereas EPOR protein and gene expression was absent in preadipocytes, it was observed in mature 3T3L1 adipocytes. However, the expression of EPOR in insulin resistant 3T3L1 adipocytes was significantly decreased (p<0.05). rHuEPO increased the expression of EPOR, and upregulated the expression of pAKT/AKT and pSTAT5/STAT5 in 3T3L1 adipocytes (p<0.05), which was blocked by siEPOR, the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, LY294002, and a STAT5 inhibitor, respectively. In summary, rHuEPO reduced IR in adipocytes by increasing glucose uptake and improving the adipokine profile. rHuEPO-induced EPOR protein expression and subsequent induction of pAKT and pSTAT5 suggest that the EPO-EPOR system may play a role in glucose metabolism within adipocytes.

PMID:
23313788
DOI:
10.1016/j.mce.2012.12.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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