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Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2013 Feb;33(1):75-110. doi: 10.3109/01942638.2012.750870.

Physical therapy intervention in the neonatal intensive care unit.

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Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA.


This article presents the elements of the Intervention section of the Infant Care Path for Physical Therapy in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The types of physical therapy interventions presented in this path are evidence-based and the suggested timing of these interventions is primarily based on practice knowledge from expert therapists, with supporting evidence cited. Physical therapy intervention in the NICU is infant-driven and focuses on providing family-centered care. In this context, interventions to facilitate a calm behavioral state and motor organization in the infant, address positioning and handling of the infant, and provide movement therapy are presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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