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Neoplasia. 2012 Dec;14(12):1097-101.

p53-independent roles of MDM2 in NF-κB signaling: implications for cancer therapy, wound healing, and autoimmune diseases.

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Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV, Klinikum der Universität München, Munich, Germany.


Murine double minute-2 (MDM2) is an intracellular molecule with multiple biologic functions. It serves as a negative regulator of p53 and thereby limits cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Because MDM2 blockade suppresses tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo, respective MDM2 inhibition is currently evaluated as anti-cancer therapy in clinical trials. However, the anti-proliferative effects of MDM2 inhibition also impair regenerative cell growth upon tissue injury. This was so far documented for tubular repair upon postischemic acute kidney injury and might apply to wound healing responses in general. Furthermore, MDM2 has numerous p53-independent effects. As a new entry, MDM2 was identified to act as a co-transcription factor for nuclear factor-kappa-light-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) at cytokine promoters. This explains the potent anti-inflammatory effects of MDM2 inhibitors in vitro and in vivo. For example, the NF-κB-antagonistic and p53-agonistic activities of MDM2 inhibitors elicit potent therapeutic effects on experimental lymphoproliferative autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus. In this review, we discuss the classic p53-dependent, the recently discovered p53-independent, and the NF-κB-agonistic biologic functions of MDM2. We describe its complex regulatory role on p53 and NF-κB signaling and name areas of research that may help to foresee previously unexpected effects or potential alternative indications of therapeutic MDM2 blockade.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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