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J Am Coll Health. 2013;61(1):10-6. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2012.747526.

Dietary intakes and eating habits of college athletes: are female college athletes following the current sports nutrition standards?

Author information

1
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078, USA. lenka.humenikova@okstate.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to assess dietary intakes and eating habits of female college athletes and compared them with the minimum sports nutrition standards.

PARTICIPANTS:

Data were obtained from 52 female college athletes from a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I university between January 2009 and May 2010.

METHODS:

Participants completed anthropometric measurements and dietary assessment using a 3-day food record, a 24-hour recall, and a nutrition questionnaire.

RESULTS:

t tests indicated the energy and carbohydrate intakes were below the minimum recommended amount (p<.001), with only 9% of the participants meeting their energy needs. Seventy-five percent of the participants failed to consume the minimum amount of carbohydrates that is required to support training. The majority of the participants reported no regular breakfast, 36% consumed<5 meals/day, and only 16% monitored their hydration status.

CONCLUSIONS:

Effective nutrition interventions are needed to improve dietary intakes and eating habits of female college athletes.

PMID:
23305540
DOI:
10.1080/07448481.2012.747526
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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