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Biomed Opt Express. 2013 Jan 1;4(1):89-104. doi: 10.1364/BOE.4.000089. Epub 2012 Dec 13.

Effect of signal intensity and camera quantization on laser speckle contrast analysis.

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Department of Surgery and Cancer and Hamlyn Centre for Robotic Surgery, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, SW7 2AZ, London, UK.


Laser speckle contrast analysis (LASCA) is limited to being a qualitative method for the measurement of blood flow and tissue perfusion as it is sensitive to the measurement configuration. The signal intensity is one of the parameters that can affect the contrast values due to the quantization of the signals by the camera and analog-to-digital converter (ADC). In this paper we deduce the theoretical relationship between signal intensity and contrast values based on the probability density function (PDF) of the speckle pattern and simplify it to a rational function. A simple method to correct this contrast error is suggested. The experimental results demonstrate that this relationship can effectively compensate the bias in contrast values induced by the quantized signal intensity and correct for bias induced by signal intensity variations across the field of view.


(030.6140) Speckle; (170.3880) Medical and biological imaging

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