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Kidney Int. 2013 Apr;83(4):604-14. doi: 10.1038/ki.2012.408. Epub 2013 Jan 9.

Genetic deficiency of adiponectin protects against acute kidney injury.

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1
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

Abstract

Adiponectin is a multifunctional cytokine that has a role in regulating inflammation. Here we determined whether adiponectin modulates ischemic acute kidney injury. Compared with wild-type mice, adiponectin-knockout mice were found to have lower serum creatinine and less tubular damage or apoptosis following ischemia/reperfusion injury. This latter process was associated with decreased Bax and reduced activation of p53 and caspase-3. Targeted disruption of adiponectin was also found to inhibit the infiltration of neutrophils, macrophages, and T cells into the injured kidneys. This was associated with inhibition of NF-κB activation and reduced expression of the proinflammatory molecules IL-6, TNF-α, MCP-1, and MIP-2 in the kidney after ischemia/reperfusion injury. Wild-type mice engrafted with adiponectin-null bone marrow had less kidney dysfunction and tubular damage than adiponectin-null mice engrafted with wild-type bone marrow. Conversely, adiponectin-null mice engrafted with wild-type bone marrow had similar renal dysfunction and tubular damage compared with wild-type mice engrafted with wild-type bone marrow. In cultured macrophages, adiponectin directly promoted macrophage migration: a process blocked by the PI3 kinase inhibitor, LY294002. Thus, our results show that adiponectin has a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of acute renal ischemia/reperfusion injury and may be a potential therapeutic target.

PMID:
23302722
PMCID:
PMC3612389
DOI:
10.1038/ki.2012.408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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