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PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52893. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052893. Epub 2012 Dec 27.

Incidence and risk factors for placenta accreta/increta/percreta in the UK: a national case-control study.

Author information

1
National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. kate.fitzpatrick@npeu.ox.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Placenta accreta/increta/percreta is associated with major pregnancy complications and is thought to be becoming more common. The aims of this study were to estimate the incidence of placenta accreta/increta/percreta in the UK and to investigate and quantify the associated risk factors.

METHODS:

A national case-control study using the UK Obstetric Surveillance System was undertaken, including 134 women diagnosed with placenta accreta/increta/percreta between May 2010 and April 2011 and 256 control women.

RESULTS:

The estimated incidence of placenta accreta/increta/percreta was 1.7 per 10,000 maternities overall; 577 per 10,000 in women with both a previous caesarean delivery and placenta praevia. Women who had a previous caesarean delivery (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 14.41, 95%CI 5.63-36.85), other previous uterine surgery (aOR 3.40, 95%CI 1.30-8.91), an IVF pregnancy (aOR 32.13, 95%CI 2.03-509.23) and placenta praevia diagnosed antepartum (aOR 65.02, 95%CI 16.58-254.96) had raised odds of having placenta accreta/increta/percreta. There was also a raised odds of placenta accreta/increta/percreta associated with older maternal age in women without a previous caesarean delivery (aOR 1.30, 95%CI 1.13-1.50 for every one year increase in age).

CONCLUSIONS:

Women with both a prior caesarean delivery and placenta praevia have a high incidence of placenta accreta/increta/percreta. There is a need to maintain a high index of suspicion of abnormal placental invasion in such women and preparations for delivery should be made accordingly.

PMID:
23300807
PMCID:
PMC3531337
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0052893
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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