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Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2012 Oct-Dec;25(4):823-33.

Gut microbiota and the immune system: an intimate partnership in health and disease.

Abstract

In recent years there have been increased rates of autoimmune diseases, possibly associated to altered intestinal microflora. In this brief review article, after a description of the structure and function of the gut microbiota organ and its cross-talk with the human host, we give a report on findings indicating how the host immune system responds to bacterial colonization of the gastrointestinal tract. The disturbances in the bacterial microbiota will result in the deregulation of adaptive immune cells, which may underlie autoimmune disorders. The mammalian immune system, which seems to be designed to control microorganisms, could be instead influenced by microorganisms, as suggested in recent literature. Alterations in both the structure and function of intestinal microbiota could be one of the common causative triggers of autoimmune and/or autoinflammatory disorders.

PMID:
23298474
DOI:
10.1177/039463201202500401
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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