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Methods Mol Biol. 2013;965:63-81. doi: 10.1007/978-1-62703-239-1_4.

Markers of cellular senescence.

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1
Instituto de Biomedicina, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio, Sevilla, Spain. acarnero@us.es

Abstract

Cellular senescence is a tumor suppression mechanism that evolved to limit duplication in somatic cells. Senescence is imposed by natural replicative boundaries or stress-induced signals, such as oncogenic transformation. Neoplastic cells can be forced to undergo senescence through genetic manipulations and epigenetic factors, including anticancer drugs, radiation, and differentiating agents. Senescent cells show distinct phenotypic and molecular characteristics, both in vitro or in vivo. These biomarkers might either cause or result from senescence induction, but could also be the byproducts of physiological changes in these non-replicating cells.

PMID:
23296651
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-62703-239-1_4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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