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Bioorg Med Chem. 2013 Feb 15;21(4):979-92. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2012.11.058. Epub 2012 Dec 10.

Discovery of INT131: a selective PPARγ modulator that enhances insulin sensitivity.

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Amgen, Inc., 1120 Veterans Boulevard, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.


PPARγ is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor family and plays a key role in the regulation of glucose homeostasis. This Letter describes the discovery of a novel chemical class of diarylsulfonamide partial agonists that act as selective PPARγ modulators (SPPARγMs) and display a unique pharmacological profile compared to the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class of PPARγ full agonists. Herein we report the initial discovery of partial agonist 4 and the structure-activity relationship studies that led to the selection of clinical compound INT131 (3), a potent PPARγ partial agonist that displays robust glucose-lowering activity in rodent models of diabetes while exhibiting a reduced side-effects profile compared to marketed TZDs.

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