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J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2013 Jan;17(1):125-36. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2012.08.003. Epub 2012 Sep 16.

Pilates-based exercise for persistent, non-specific low back pain and associated functional disability: a meta-analysis with meta-regression.

Author information

1
School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica. aladro80@fastmail.es

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purposes of this study were to systematically review and apply regression analysis to randomised controlled trials [RCTs] that evaluated the effectiveness of Pilates exercise in improving persistent, non-specific low back pain and functional disability.

METHODS:

Electronic databases were searched from January 1950 to March 2011. Articles were eligible for inclusion if they were RCTs comparing Pilates exercise with a placebo treatment [PT], minimal intervention [MI] or another physiotherapeutic treatment [APT].

RESULTS:

Nine trials were included. Pilates was moderately superior to APT (pooled Effect Size [ES] weighted = -0.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -0.08 to -1.03) in reducing disability but not for pain relief. Pilates provided moderate to superior pain relief compared to MI (pooled ES weighted = -0.44, 95% CI = -0.09 to -0.80) and a similar decrease in disability. The statistical model used did not detect any predictor variable.

CONCLUSIONS:

Due to the presence of co-interventions and the low methodological quality of some studies, these conclusions should be interpreted with caution.

PMID:
23294694
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbmt.2012.08.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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