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J Proteome Res. 2013 Jun 7;12(6):2449-57. doi: 10.1021/pr301011r. Epub 2013 Jan 7.

Hydrophilic strong anion exchange (hSAX) chromatography for highly orthogonal peptide separation of complex proteomes.

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1
MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Due to its compatibility and orthogonality to reversed phase (RP) liquid chromatography (LC) separation, ion exchange chromatography, and mainly strong cation exchange (SCX), has often been the first choice in multidimensional LC experiments in proteomics. Here, we have tested the ability of three strong anion exchanger (SAX) columns differing in their hydrophobicity to fractionate RAW264.7 macrophage cell lysate. IonPac AS24, a strong anion exchange material with ultralow hydrophobicity, demonstrated to be superior to other materials by fractionation and separation of tryptic peptides from both a mixture of 6 proteins as well as mouse cell lysate. The chromatography displayed very high orthogonality and high robustness depending on the hydrophilicity of column chemistry, which we termed hydrophilic strong anion exchange (hSAX). Mass spectrometry analysis of 34 SAX fractions from RAW264.7 macrophage cell lysate digest resulted in an identification of 9469 unique proteins and 126318 distinct peptides in one week of instrument time. Moreover, when compared to an optimized high pH/low pH RP separation approach, the method presented here raised the identification of proteins and peptides by 10 and 28%, respectively. This novel hSAX approach provides robust, reproducible, and highly orthogonal separation of complex protein digest samples for deep coverage proteome analysis.

PMID:
23294059
PMCID:
PMC3679572
DOI:
10.1021/pr301011r
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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