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Indian J Anaesth. 2012 Sep;56(5):479-84. doi: 10.4103/0019-5049.103965.

Anaesthesia for biliary atresia and hepatectomy in paediatrics.

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1
Department of Anaesthesia, Bhagwan Mahaveer Jain Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

The scope of this article precludes an 'in depth' description of all liver problems and I will limit this review to anaesthesia for biliary atresia - a common hepatic problem in the very young - and partial hepatectomy in older children. I will not be discussing the problems of anaesthetising children with hepatitis, cirrhosis, congenital storage diseases or liver failure. Extrahepatic biliary obstruction is an obliterative cholangiopathy of infancy which is fatal if untreated. Diagnosis involves exclusion of other causes of neonatal jaundice and treatment involves a hepatico portoenterostomy carried out at the earliest. This is a review of current concepts in anaesthesia and postoperative management of neonates with extrahepatic biliary atresia. Anaesthesia for hepatic resection has seen great changes in recent times with the improvement in surgical techniques, technology and a better understanding of the underlying physiology. These are reviewed along with the problems of postoperative pain management.

KEYWORDS:

Anaesthesia; biliary atresia; hepatectomy; paediatrics; pain relief

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