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Intensive Care Med. 2013 Mar;39(3):497-510. doi: 10.1007/s00134-012-2766-y. Epub 2013 Jan 5.

Carbamylated erythropoietin-FC fusion protein and recombinant human erythropoietin during porcine kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury.

Author information

1
Sektion Anästhesiologische Pathophysiologie und Verfahrensentwicklung, Klinik für Anästhesiologie, Universitätsklinikum, Helmholtzstrasse 8-1, 89081 Ulm, Germany. sarka_matejkova@web.de

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To test the hypothesis that a carbamylated EPO-FC fusion protein (cEPO-FC) or recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) would protect against kidney ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in pigs with atherosclerosis.

METHODS:

Anesthetized and mechanically ventilated animals received cEPO-FC (50 μg kg(-1)), rhEPO (5,000 IU kg(-1)), or vehicle (n = 9 per group) prior to 120 min of aortic occlusion and over 4 h of reperfusion. During aortic occlusion, mean arterial pressure (MAP) was maintained at 80-120 % of baseline values by esmolol, nitroglycerin, and ATP. During reperfusion, noradrenaline was titrated to keep MAP at pre-ischemic levels. Blood creatinine and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels, creatinine clearance, fractional Na(+) excretion, and HE and PAS staining were used to assess kidney function and histological damage. Plasma interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, nitrate + nitrite and 8-isoprostane levels were measured to assess systemic inflammation, and nitrosative and oxidative stress.

RESULTS:

I/R caused acute kidney injury with reduced creatinine clearance, increased fractional Na(+) excretion and NGAL levels, moderate to severe glomerular and tubular damage and apoptosis, systemic inflammation and oxidative and nitrosative stress, but there were no differences between the treatment groups. Pre-ischemia nitrate + nitrite and 8-isoprostanes levels were lower and higher, respectively, than in healthy animals of a previous study, and immune histochemistry showed higher endothelial nitric oxide synthase and lower EPO receptor expression in pre-ischemia kidney biopsies than in biopsies from healthy animals.

CONCLUSIONS:

In swine with atherosclerosis, rhEPO and cEPO-FC failed to attenuate prolonged ischemia-induced kidney injury within an 8-h reperfusion period, possibly due to reduced EPO receptor expression resulting from pre-existing oxidative stress and/or reduced NO release.

PMID:
23291730
DOI:
10.1007/s00134-012-2766-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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