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Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2013 Mar;13(3):361-76. doi: 10.1517/14712598.2013.735657. Epub 2013 Jan 5.

Update on biologicals for treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

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1
Asklepios Clinic Sankt Augustin, Department of Pediatrics, Arnold-Janssen Str. 29, 53757 Sankt Augustin, Germany. G.Horneff@Asklepios.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The development of biologics has markedly changed the treatment of JIA. Complete control of the disease and remission has today become the main goal of treatment preventing long-term damage and disability.

AREAS COVERED:

This review gives an overview of the current treatment options using biologics in JIA. The biologic drugs are discussed on the basis of recent clinical trials.

EXPERT OPINION:

While JIA is a group of heterogeneous diseases, differences in their biology turned out to influence treatment success with different biologics. TNF inhibitors emerged to be the most commonly used biologics for the treatment of JIA. First they were successful for the treatment of rheumatoid factor positive and negative polyarticular JIA. TNF inhibitors have also been studied in patients with enthesitis-related arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and extended olioarthritis, and approval of at least etanercept is expected. Second-line biologics are abatacept and tocilizumab. For systemic onset JIA, tocilizumab, and the IL-1 inhibitors anakinra and canakinumab have been successfully studied. In the treatment of JIA, biologics have emerged as potent drugs to control the disease. New advancements will be crucial for further improvement of treatment options in JIA.

PMID:
23289865
DOI:
10.1517/14712598.2013.735657
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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