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Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2012 Sep;23(9):2529-35.

[Identification of endophytic actinomycete St24 tomato plants from and its application in biocontrol of gray mold disease].

[Article in Chinese]

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College of Agriculture, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, Shanxi, China.


An endophytic actinomycete strain St24 with acaricidal activity was isolated from the root-stem junction of tomato plants, with the taxonomic position of the strain and its control effect against gray mold disease investigated. The St24 was identified as Streptomyces vinaceus, and its broth's petroleum ether extracts could inhibit a variety of pathogens. The inhibitory effect of the extracts on Botrytis cinerea was the strongest, with the EC50 of inhibiting B. cinerea mycelia growth being 11.78 mg x L(-1). After treated with the extracts, the amount of the mycelia decreased, and the mycelia became crenate or broken, with the protoplast extravasated and the tuberculate malformation appeared. The B. cinerea culture treated with the extracts showed the maximum absorption at 260 nm, which was absent in the control, indicating that the St24 extracts increased the pathogens cell membrane permeability. Pot experiment showed that the extracts could protect tomato plants against B. cinerea. Foliar spraying the extracts at 100 mg x L(-1) had the best protective effect, with the controlling effect reached 94.3% after 24 h and 85.4% after 120 h.

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