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Cornea. 1990 Apr;9(2):152-60.

Anterior stromal micropuncture electron microscopic changes in the rabbit cornea.

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Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tennessee, Memphis.


Anterior stromal micropuncture has become an effective treatment for recurrent erosion. The healing process in rabbit corneas was investigated. Following micropuncture of the corneal surface with a 27-gauge needle knife, electron microscopy was carried out at regular intervals from time 0 through 5 months. The corneal incisions began to fill with epithelium by day 1. Activated keratocytes were adjacent to the basement membrane defect by 7 days. The basement membrane appeared to be healed at 2 and 4 weeks. Epithelial projections into the stromal incisions with underlying mature basement membrane persisted at 5 months postsurgery. Basement membrane reproduction occurred much more rapidly following needle puncture than after microdiathermy. This was thought to occur because the corneal epithelial cell was immediately exposed to type I collagen, whereas following microdiathermy, new type I collagen must be secreted on the necrotic collagen before the corneal epithelium will secrete basement membrane.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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