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PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52527. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052527. Epub 2012 Dec 20.

YB-1 synthesis is regulated by mTOR signaling pathway.

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Institute of Protein Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation.


YB-1 is a eukaryotic protein with numerous intra- and extracellular functions based on its ability to interact with RNA, DNA, and many proteins. In spite of achievements in studying its functions, regulation of YB-1 synthesis in the cell remains poorly understood. In the current study Western and Northern blotting were used to determine the amounts of YB-1 and YB-1 mRNA in rabbit organs and several cell lines. As found, in the majority of studied eukaryotic cells a considerable proportion of YB-1 mRNA was stored in free mRNPs, i.e., was poorly translated. Also, we demonstrated that YB-1 synthesis depended on conditions that determined the rate of cell division. Specific suppression of YB-1 synthesis resulted from inhibition of the mTOR signaling pathway with inhibitor PP242, but not rapamycin. Experiments on reporter constructs showed that dependence of YB-1 mRNA translation on activity of the mTOR signaling pathway was dictated by 5' untranslated regions of this mRNA, irrelatively of the TOP-like sequences at the beginning of 5' UTR.

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