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Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2013 Jan 1;5(1):a013250. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a013250.

How viruses use the endoplasmic reticulum for entry, replication, and assembly.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA.

Abstract

To cause infection, a virus enters a host cell, replicates, and assembles, with the resulting new viral progeny typically released into the extracellular environment to initiate a new infection round. Virus entry, replication, and assembly are dynamic and coordinated processes that require precise interactions with host components, often within and surrounding a defined subcellular compartment. Accumulating evidence pinpoints the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) as a crucial organelle supporting viral entry, replication, and assembly. This review focuses on the molecular mechanism by which different viruses co-opt the ER to accomplish these crucial infection steps. Certain bacterial toxins also hijack the ER for entry. An interdisciplinary approach, using rigorous biochemical and cell biological assays coupled with advanced microscopy strategies, will push to the next level our understanding of the virus-ER interaction during infection.

PMID:
23284050
PMCID:
PMC3579393
DOI:
10.1101/cshperspect.a013250
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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