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Mol Biol Cell. 2013 Feb;24(4):510-20. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E12-06-0492. Epub 2013 Jan 2.

Visualization of the exocyst complex dynamics at the plasma membrane of Arabidopsis thaliana.

Author information

1
Institute of Experimental Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague 6, Czech Republic. fendrych@ueb.cas.cz

Abstract

The exocyst complex, an effector of Rho and Rab GTPases, is believed to function as an exocytotic vesicle tether at the plasma membrane before soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex formation. Exocyst subunits localize to secretory-active regions of the plasma membrane, exemplified by the outer domain of Arabidopsis root epidermal cells. Using variable-angle epifluorescence microscopy, we visualized the dynamics of exocyst subunits at this domain. The subunits colocalized in defined foci at the plasma membrane, distinct from endocytic sites. Exocyst foci were independent of cytoskeleton, although prolonged actin disruption led to changes in exocyst localization. Exocyst foci partially overlapped with vesicles visualized by VAMP721 v-SNARE, but the majority of the foci represent sites without vesicles, as indicated by electron microscopy and drug treatments, supporting the concept of the exocyst functioning as a dynamic particle. We observed a decrease of SEC6-green fluorescent protein foci in an exo70A1 exocyst mutant. Finally, we documented decreased VAMP721 trafficking to the plasma membrane in exo70A1 and exo84b mutants. Our data support the concept that the exocyst-complex subunits dynamically dock and undock at the plasma membrane to create sites primed for vesicle tethering.

PMID:
23283982
PMCID:
PMC3571873
DOI:
10.1091/mbc.E12-06-0492
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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