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Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2013 Apr;19(4):416-21. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2012.12.003. Epub 2012 Dec 31.

Simvastatin decreases levodopa-induced dyskinesia in monkeys, but not in a randomized, placebo-controlled, multiple cross-over ("n-of-1") exploratory trial of simvastatin against levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease patients.

Author information

1
Université de Bordeaux, Institut des Maladies Neurodégénératives, UMR 5293, Bordeaux, France. francois.tison@chu-bordeaux.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Simvastatin may improve levodopa-induced dyskinesia through striatal Ras-extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway modulation.

METHODS:

(1) Six 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-treated macaques were assessed for parkinsonism and dyskinesia severity following acute co-administration of levodopa and simvastatin (0, 1.5, 3 and 6 mg/kg). (2) A "n-of-1" design randomized, placebo-controlled, 3 cross-over trial was then conducted in 10 Parkinson's disease patients with troublesome dyskinesia. The primary endpoint was a 7-point scale rating subjective discomfort caused by troublesome dyskinesia. Secondary endpoints related to dyskinesia severity and duration and functional impairment, severity and duration of OFF periods, motor scores and investigator- and patient-rated global impressions. (3) The pharmacodynamic variable for both studies consisted in a multiplex analysis of kinase-induced phosphorylation in T and B-lymphocytes by flow cytometry.

RESULTS:

(1) In the macaque, simvastatin reduced dyskinesia scores (45%), at the dose of 3 mg/kg (2) In the "n-of-1" trial no significant response was observed in the primary end point and all secondary endpoints. No serious adverse events were reported. (3) Simvastatin 3 mg/kg significantly reduce kinase-induced phosphorylation in monkeys but not simvastatin 40 mg in patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Simvastatin reduced dyskinesia in primates using high doses over 3 mg/kg but the exploratory trial in patients revealed no effect at 40 mg/d suggesting that higher doses, not compatible with a safe prolonged administration, are necessary.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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