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J Adolesc Health. 2012 Dec;51(6 Suppl):S22-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.06.024. Epub 2012 Aug 29.

Incidence of school failure according to baseline leisure-time physical activity practice: prospective study.

Author information

1
Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil. rombaldi@brturbo.com.br

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the prospective association between leisure-time physical activity practice at 11 years of age and incidence of school failure from 11 to 15 years of age.

METHODS:

The sample comprised >4,300 adolescents followed up from birth to 15 years of age participating in a birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil. The incidence of school failure from age 11 to 15 years was calculated by first excluding from the analyses all subjects who experienced a school failure before 11 years of age, and then categorizing as "positive" all those who reported repeating a grade at school from 11 to 15 years of age. Leisure-time physical activity was measured using a validated questionnaire.

RESULTS:

The incidence of school failure was 47.9% among boys and 38.2% among girls. Adolescents in the top quartile of leisure-time physical activity practice at 11 years of age had a higher likelihood of school failure (OR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.06, 1.75) compared with the least active adolescents. In adjusted analyses stratified by sex, boys in the top quartile of leisure-time physical activity practice at 11 years of age were also more likely to have failed at school from age 11 to 15 years (OR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.09, 2.33).

CONCLUSIONS:

Adolescents allocating >1,000 min/wk to leisure-time physical activity were more likely to experience a school failure from 11 to 15 years of age. Although this finding does not advocate against physical activity promotion, it indicates that excess time allocated to physical activity may jeopardize school performance among adolescents.

PMID:
23283155
PMCID:
PMC3508407
DOI:
10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.06.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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