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Int J Rehabil Res. 2013 Sep;36(3):205-10. doi: 10.1097/MRR.0b013e32835d0b11.

The relationship between spasticity and gross motor capability in nonambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy.

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1
Day-Care Centre for Rehabilitation, Mali dom-Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia. ana@malidom.hr

Abstract

Spasticity has been considered as a major impairment in cerebral palsy (CP), but the relationship between this impairment and motor functions is still unclear, especially in the same group of patients with CP. The aim of this investigation is to determine the relationship between spasticity and gross motor capability in nonambulatory children with spastic CP. Seventy-one children (30 boys, 41 girls) with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy and with Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels IV (n=34) and V (n=37) were included in the study. The spasticity level in lower limbs was evaluated using the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale and the gross motor function with the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-88). Spearman's correlation analysis was used to determine the nature and the strength of the relationship. The results showed a moderate correlation between spasticity and gross motor skills (ρ=0.52 for the GMFCS level; ρ=0.57 for the GMFM-88), accounting for less than 30% of the explained variance. It seems that spasticity is just one factor among many others that could interfere with gross motor skills, even in children with severe forms of spastic CP. Knowledge of the impact of spasticity on motor skills may be useful in the setting of adequate rehabilitation strategies for nonambulatory children with spastic CP.

PMID:
23282668
DOI:
10.1097/MRR.0b013e32835d0b11
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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