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Pediatr Int. 2012 Dec;54(6):923-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-200X.2012.03712.x.

Long survival of congenital alveolar capillary dysplasia patient with NO inhalation and epoprostenol: effect of sildenafil, beraprost and bosentan.

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Department of Neonatology, Japanese Red Cross Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.


The case is described herein of a patient with alveolar capillary dysplasia with double-outlet right ventricle and duodenal atresia who survived for a remarkably long time. The newborn girl was born at a gestational age of 36 weeks and weighed 1926 g. One min after delivery the Apgar score was 4. The patient had persistent pulmonary hypertension (PH) and needed nitric oxide inhalation and i.v. epoprostenol all through her life. Although other oral medications for PH were tried, they could not be used in practice because of gastrointestinal complications. The patient died on the 237 th day of life as a result of worsening PH associated with infection.

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