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Pediatrics. 2013 Jan;131(1):189-95. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-2996. Epub 2012 Dec 31.

Screening examination of premature infants for retinopathy of prematurity.

Abstract

This statement revises a previous statement on screening of preterm infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that was published in 2006. ROP is a pathologic process that occurs only in immature retinal tissue and can progress to a tractional retinal detachment, which can result in functional or complete blindness. Use of peripheral retinal ablative therapy by using laser photocoagulation for nearly 2 decades has resulted in a high probability of markedly decreasing the incidence of this poor visual outcome, but the sequential nature of ROP creates a requirement that at-risk preterm infants be examined at proper times and intervals to detect the changes of ROP before they become permanently destructive. This statement presents the attributes on which an effective program for detecting and treating ROP could be based, including the timing of initial examination and subsequent reexamination intervals.

PMID:
23277315
DOI:
10.1542/peds.2012-2996
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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