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Anat Rec. 1990 Mar;226(3):279-87.

Calcification capacity of dental papilla mesenchymal cells transplanted in the isogenic mouse spleen.

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Department of Oral Anatomy, School of Dentistry, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan.


The capacity of the dental pulp to form calcified tissue was examined in papilla cells dissociated from first molar tooth germs of the neonatal mouse and isografted in the spleen for up to 7 days. To obtain papilla cell populations without odontoblasts, pulpal mesenchyme was isolated mechanically from the enamel organ after 0.1% trypsin treatment and rolled on a membrane filter. On day 3 after transplantation, the grafted papilla cells had changed into large, spindle-shaped cells, and initial calcification with needle-like crystals began in association with the collagenous matrix surrounding those cells. On day 7 after transplantation, the spindle cells transformed into odontoblast-like cells containing well-developed secretory organelles, and irregular, but nontubular, calcified tissues were commonly observed surrounding the extracellular collagenous matrix. The calcified tissue matrix with cellular inclusions displayed a structure similar to that of osteodentin. During this period, an intense positive reaction for alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity was demonstrated along the cell membranes of the odontoblast-like cells aligned at the periphery of forming calcified tissue. Enzymatic activity could not be detected on the cells incorporated completely into osteodentin-like matrix. The present results show that the papilla cell population transplanted into the spleen formed osteodentin-like material, thus demonstrating the capacity of papilla cells to produce calcified tissue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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