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Health Promot Pract. 2013 Nov;14(6):850-8. doi: 10.1177/1524839912469205. Epub 2012 Dec 27.

Implementing evidence-based programs: a four-step protocol for assuring replication with fidelity.

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1Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.


Health care providers are challenged to replicate evidence-based programs in their communities. These programs may be adapted to fit new communities, but the key components must be delivered with fidelity. This article describes a four-step fidelity assurance protocol developed by the Hawai'i's Healthy Aging Partnership as it adapted and replicated evidence-based health promotion programs for Hawai'i's older adults. The four steps are the following: (a) deconstruct the program into its components and prepare a step-by-step plan for program replication; (b) identify agencies ready to replicate the program, and sponsor excellent training to local staff who will deliver and coordinate it; (c) monitor the fidelity of program delivery using standardized checklists; and (d) track participant outcomes to assure achievement of expected outcomes. The protocol is illustrated with examples from Hawai'i's Healthy Aging Partnership's experience replicating EnhanceFitness, a senior exercise program. This protocol is transferrable to other communities wanting to adapt and replicate evidence-based, public health programs.


community planning; evaluation; evidence-based intervention; fidelity monitoring; health promotion; organizational capacity; partnership development

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