Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Jan;74(1):51-7; discussion 57-8. doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e3182788b0f.

Coagulation system changes associated with susceptibility to infection in trauma patients.

Author information

1
Department of Trauma Sciences, Blizard Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom. Elaine.cole@bartsandthelondon.nhs.uk

Erratum in

  • J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Feb;74(2):706. De-Ath, Henry [corrected to De'Ath, Henry].

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Infection following trauma is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and is common following severe hemorrhage. There is a strong interaction between the coagulation and immunity. The objective of this study was to establish if there was an association between changes in coagulation status after hemorrhage and the subsequent incidence of infection.

METHODS:

Prospective cohort study of adult injured patients presenting to a major trauma center during a 2-year period. Blood was drawn at 24 hours following admission and analyzed using functional thromboelastography testing and laboratory defined tests of coagulation and blood count. Patients were followed up for infectious episodes while in the hospital using Center for Disease Control definitions.

RESULTS:

A total of 158 patients were recruited; 71 (45%) developed infection and were older (44 years vs. 32 years, p = 0.01) and more severely injured (Injury Severity Score [ISS], 25 vs.10; p < 0.01). White blood cell counts at 24 hours were normal, and there was no difference between groups (both 9.6 × 10/(9)L). Protein C was lower in those with infection (70.2 IU/dL vs. 83.3 IU/dL, p = 0.02), with a dose-dependent increase in infection as levels of protein C decreased. Plasmin activation at 24 hours was also strongly associated with infection plasmin-antiplasmin (infection vs. no infection, 6,156 μg/L vs. 3,324 μg/L, p = 0.03). The infection cohort had overall 12% lower procoagulant levels (varied between factor VIII 6.4% and factor II 16.2%).

CONCLUSION:

There is a strong association between the status of the coagulation system after 24 hours and the development of infection following trauma. Improved early coagulation management may decrease infection rates in this patient group.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Prognostic prospective study, level III.

PMID:
23271077
DOI:
10.1097/TA.0b013e3182788b0f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center