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Cancer Res. 2013 Mar 1;73(5):1570-80. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-12-2350. Epub 2012 Dec 26.

FoxA1 specifies unique androgen and glucocorticoid receptor binding events in prostate cancer cells.

Author information

1
Institute of Biomedicine and Research Programs Unit, Genome-Scale Biology, Biomedicum Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

The forkhead protein FoxA1 has functions other than a pioneer factor, in that its depletion brings about a significant redistribution in the androgen receptor (AR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) cistromes. In this study, we found a novel function for FoxA1 in defining the cell-type specificity of AR- and GR-binding events in a distinct fashion, namely, for AR in LNCaP-1F5 cells and for GR in VCaP cells. We also found different, cell-type and receptor-specific compilations of cis-elements enriched adjacent to the AR- and GR-binding sites. The AR pathway is central in prostate cancer biology, but the role of GR is poorly known. We find that AR and GR cistromes and transcription programs exhibit significant overlap, and GR regulates a large number of genes considered to be AR pathway-specific. This raises questions about the role of GR in maintaining the AR pathway under androgen-deprived conditions in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients. However, in the presence of androgen, ligand-occupied GR acts as a partial antiandrogen and attenuates the AR-dependent transcription program. .

PMID:
23269278
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-12-2350
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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