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Circ J. 2013;77(4):995-1000. Epub 2012 Dec 27.

Change of coronary flow by continuous-flow left ventricular assist device with cardiac beat synchronizing system (native heart load control system) in acute ischemic heart failure model.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. louvre1974@yahoo.co.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A novel control system for the EVAHEART left ventricular assist device (LVAD), known as the Native Heart Load Control System (NHLCS), can change the device's rotational speed (RS) in synchrony with the heartbeat. The system enhanced coronary flow (CoF) with the counter-pulse mode in normal goats' hearts, so we examined the change in CoF in goats with acute ischemic heart failure (HF).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We studied 14 goats (56.1±6.9kg) with acute ischemic HF induced by coronary microsphere embolization. We installed EVAHEART and ran the device in 4 modes [continuous support, circuit-clamp, counter-pulse (raise RS in diastole), and co-pulse (raise RS in systole)] with 50% or 100% bypass in each mode. In comparison with the circuit-clamp mode, CoF was 121.0±14.1% in the counter-pulse mode and 102.9±7.9% in the co-pulse mode, whereas it was 113.5±10.6% in the continuous mode, with 100% bypass (P<0.05). The same difference was confirmed with 50% bypass. The results indicated that a LVAD in an acute ischemic heart enhanced CoF, and that CoF was greater in the counter-pulse mode and smaller in the co-pulse mode relative to the continuous mode.

CONCLUSIONS:

By using NHLCS to change CoF, recovery of native heart function with a LVAD has a better prognosis.

PMID:
23269084
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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