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Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. 2012;49(2):214-21.

[Predictors of interruptions to living at home in elderly people enrolled in a home visit rehabilitation service].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
Itabashi Rehabili Home Visit Nursing Station, Japan.

Abstract

AIM:

The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of interruption to living at home as a result of death, hospitalization, or admission to a long-term care facility in frail elderly people enrolled in a home visit rehabilitation service.

METHODS:

A total of 311 patients entered a home visit rehabilitation service within a study period of 1 September, 2005 to 31 March, 2010, 146 of whom met the criteria to be enrolled in this study and gave consent. Of these, 73 received a continuous home visit rehabilitation service (continuous group) of over 2 years and 73 experienced interruption to this service due to death, hospitalization, or admission to a long-term care facility (interruption group). The following physical, social, and medical factors were recorded and analyzed: age, sex, care level, disease diagnoses, gait disability, cognitive impairment, living with another person and cause of the interruption to the home-visit rehabilitation service. We compared each item between the interruption and continuous groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the significant predictors of interruptions to living at home.

RESULTS:

Patients in the interruption group demonstrated significantly lower functioning in activities of daily living (ADL), gait ability and lower cognitive status, and higher rates of respiratory diseases and cancer compared with the continuous group. On logistic regression analysis, ADL score (odds ratio [OR]=0.97, p<0.01), and the presence of respiratory diseases (OR=4.35, p=0.04) and cancer (OR=13.46, p<0.01) were significantly associated with interruptions to living at home.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lower ADL functioning, respiratory diseases and cancer were significant predictors of interruption to living at home in frail elderly adults.

PMID:
23268871
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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