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Allergol Int. 2013 Mar;62(1):99-104. doi: 10.2332/allergolint.12-OA-0450. Epub 2012 Dec 25.

PD-1 regulates the growth of human mastocytosis cells.

Author information

1
Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan. trkataoka@yahoo.co.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Programmed death-1 (PD-1) is a marker for human neoplastic T cells. Here, we evaluated whether or not PD-1 was also a marker for human mastocytosis, and explored the role of PD-1 in human mastocytosis cells.

METHODS:

Immunohistochemical analysis was used to evaluate the expression of PD-1 in clinical samples of human cutaneous mastocytosis. The expression of PD-1 in human mastocytosis cell lines was checked by RT-PCR, western blotting and flow cytometry. We stimulated human mastocytosis cell lines (LAD2 and HMC1.2) with recombinant ligand for PD-1, PD-L1 (rPD-L1), and tested the proliferative activity and the status of signal molecules by Cell Counting Kit-8 and ELISA, respectively.

RESULTS:

Ten of 30 human cutaneous mastocytosis cases (33.3%) expressed PD-1 protein. We also found that a human mastocytosis line LAD2 cells expressed PD-1 protein on their surfaces. The administration with rPD-L1 suppressed the stem cell factor-dependent growth of the LAD2 cells. And, rPD-L1 activated SHP-1 and SHP-2 simultaneously, and decreased the phosphorylation of AKT, in LAD2 cells. In contrast, we could not detect the expression of PD-1, and the significant effect of rPD-L1 on the mutated KIT-driven growth of HMC1.2 cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

PD-1 could be a marker for human cutaneous mastocytosis and regulate the growth of human PD-1-positive mastocytosis cells.

PMID:
23267208
DOI:
10.2332/allergolint.12-OA-0450
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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