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Nanomedicine (Lond). 2013 Oct;8(10):1601-9. doi: 10.2217/nnm.12.165. Epub 2012 Dec 24.

Gold nanoparticle imaging and radiotherapy of brain tumors in mice.

Author information

1
Nanoprobes, Inc., 95 Horseblock Road, Unit 1 Yaphank, NY 11980, USA.

Abstract

AIM:

To test intravenously injected gold nanoparticles for x-ray imaging and radiotherapy enhancement of large, imminently lethal, intracerebral malignant gliomas.

MATERIALS & METHODS:

Gold nanoparticles approximately 11 nm in size were injected intravenously and brains imaged using microcomputed tomography. A total of 15 h after an intravenous dose of 4 g Au/kg was administered, brains were irradiated with 30 Gy 100 kVp x-rays.

RESULTS:

Gold uptake gave a 19:1 tumor to normal brain ratio with 1.5% w/w gold in tumor, calculated to increase local radiation dose by approximately 300%. Mice receiving gold and radiation (30 Gy) demonstrated 50% long term (>1 year) tumor-free survival, whereas all mice receiving radiation only died.

CONCLUSION:

Intravenously injected gold nanoparticles cross the blood-tumor barrier, but are largely blocked by the normal blood-brain barrier, enabling high-resolution computed tomography tumor imaging. Gold radiation enhancement significantly improved long-term survival compared with radiotherapy alone. This approach holds promise to improve therapy of human brain tumors and other cancers.

PMID:
23265347
PMCID:
PMC3657324
DOI:
10.2217/nnm.12.165
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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