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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013 Feb 14;15(6):1793-7. doi: 10.1039/c2cp44466f. Epub 2012 Dec 21.

Reversible chemical delithiation/lithiation of LiFePO4: towards a redox flow lithium-ion battery.

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, NUSNNI-NanoCore, National University of Singapore, 117576, Singapore.


Reversible chemical delithiation/lithiation of LiFePO(4) was successfully demonstrated using ferrocene derivatives, based on which a novel energy storage system--the redox flow lithium-ion battery (RFLB), was devised by integrating the operation flexibility of a redox flow battery and high energy density of a lithium-ion battery. Distinct from the recent semi-solid lithium rechargeable flow battery, the energy storage materials of RFLB stored in separate energy tanks remain stationary upon operation, giving us a fresh perspective on building large-scale energy storage systems with higher energy density and improved safety.


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