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Int J Cardiol. 2013 Feb 10;163(1):79-86. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.09.075. Epub 2012 Dec 20.

Genetic determinants of clopidogrel responsiveness in Koreans treated with drug-eluting stents.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Variations of genes encoding cytochrome enzymes, drug transporters, and paraoxonase have recently been reported to be associated with clopidogrel response variability besides the well-known CYP2C19 loss-of-function (LOF) alleles. We determined whether newly reported genetic variations are associated with clopidogrel on-treatment platelet reactivity (OPR) in Korean patients.

METHODS:

OPR was measured in 1264 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using the VerifyNowP2Y12 assay system and genotyping of PON-1 Q192R, ABCB1 C3435T, CYP1A2*1F, CYP2B6*6, CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*3, CYP2C19*17, CYP3A4 (IVS10+12G>A), and CYP3A5*3 was performed. We applied two different cutoffs, i.e. 240 P2Y12 reaction units (PRU) and 253 PRU, to define high OPR.

RESULTS:

Mean OPR of the entire population was 231±83 PRU. Genetic variations of ABCB1 and PON-1 genes as well as that of CYP1A2, 2B6, 3A4, and 3A5 were not associated with clopidogrel response variability. As for CYP2C19, patients were classified into 4 metabolism genotypes: 0.6% ultrarapid (UM), 40.3% extensive (EM), 48.8% intermediate (IM), and 10.3% poor metabolizers (PM). After adjustment for possible confounders, CYP2C19 metabolism genotype was associated with a significant increase in OPR: effect on OPR-difference: +27 PRU, p=0.015 for EM, +53 PRU, p<0.001 for IM, and +74 PRU, p=0.006 for PM compared with UM. In multivariable analysis, the CYP2C19 genotype was the only independent predictor of high-OPR among genetic variations using two different cutoffs.

CONCLUSIONS:

Among genes postulated to be involved in clopidogrel metabolism, only the CYP2C19 genotype is associated with response variability and emerged as an independent predictor of high-OPR using two different cutoffs. PON-1 and ABCB1 genetic variants do not affect clopidogrel OPR in Korean patients.

PMID:
23260377
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.09.075
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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