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Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2012 Nov-Dec;20(6):1186-95.

Quality of life among older adults resident in long-stay care facilities.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish]

Author information

1
Escola Paulista de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil. lucinaoenf@yahoo.com.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

to evaluate the older adults' perceptions of their quality of life (QoL) in two long-stay care facilities in Pouso Alegre and Santa Rita in Sapucaí, in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil , and to identify the sociodemographic and health variables which interfere in this perception.

METHOD:

a cross-sectional epidemiological study of 77 older adults resident in institutions. The instruments used were: personal characterization; WHOQOL-bref and WHOQOL OLD.

RESULT:

the highest average obtained in the instruments was: the "Social Relationships" domain in the WHOQOL-bref (68%) and the "Sensory abilities" aspect in the WHOQOL-OLD (73.7%). The variables age, sex, physical activity and level of schooling have a significant correlation with the WHOQOL-bref and the variables sex and leisure have the same with the WHOQOL OLD.

CONCLUSION:

older adults who are younger, with higher levels of schooling and who undertake physical and leisure activity have, on average, better perceptions of their QoL. The older adults' QoL in this study had higher rates than that reported in the literature and was similar to that in the community. The results suggest the need to train those involved with older adults in institutions so that they may develop strategies which promote the adaptation, adjustment and maintenance of QoL.

PMID:
23258733
DOI:
10.1590/s0104-11692012000600022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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