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Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2013 Jan;45(1):2-10. doi: 10.1093/abbs/gms112.

SREBP: a novel therapeutic target.

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Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shangha, China.


Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) are major transcription factors regulating the biosynthesis of cholesterol, fatty acid, and triglyceride. They control the expression of crucial genes involved in lipogenesis and uptake. In this review, we summarize the processing of SREBPs and their regulation by insulin, cAMP, and vitamin A, and the relationship between miRNA and lipid metabolism. We also discuss the recent functional studies on SREBPs. These discoveries suggest that inhibition of SREBP can be a novel strategy to treat metabolic diseases, such as type II diabetes, insulin resistance, fatty liver, and atherosclerosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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