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Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne. 2012 Aug;7(3):166-74. doi: 10.5114/wiitm.2011.27605. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Complications after laparoscopic gastric banding in own material.

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1
1 Department of General and Endocrinological Surgery, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Complications after bariatric procedures are the most difficult to diagnose among all complications in abdominal surgery. Furthermore, they are extremely difficult to treat conservatively and surgically. Laparoscopic treatment of complications after bariatric procedures requires great skills. Complications after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) are remarkably diverse.

AIM:

Presentation of complications after LAGB in our own material.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

From 2005 to 2010, in the 1(st) Department of General and Endocrine Surgery, in 110 patients adjustable gastric banding was applied. All procedures were conducted laparoscopically. The group consisted of 76 women (69.1%) and 34 men (30.9%). The average age of women was 37.7 ±13.80 years old. The average age of men was 38.9 ±11.50 years old. The average body mass was 128.5 ±24.35 kg for women and 125.4 ±23.60 kg for men. The average body mass index (BMI) for women was 44.08 ±3.03 kg/m(2) and for men 43.66 ±2.90 kg/m(2). The average waist circumference was 113.5 ±12.75 cm in women and for men it was 124.40 ±14.8 cm.

RESULTS:

In the analysed material, which consisted of 110 patients after LAGB, 36% developed at least 1 complication. Among early complications, injury of diaphragm, pneumothorax, pleural empyema, gastric perforation and thrombophlebitis were observed. Among late complications, oesophagitis, infections around the port, migration of the gastric band into the gastric lumen, band slippage, vomiting and lack of body mass loss were observed. The most common reasons for the removal of the band were band slippage, its migration to the gastric lumen and extension of the gastric reservoir.

CONCLUSIONS:

The LAGB is a relatively easy procedure with a short time of performance and short hospitalization. However, it can bring the risk of intraoperative, perioperative and late complications which require surgical intervention. The present research results are comparable to world data. Complications after LAGB were observed the most frequently in the first years of application of the procedure.

KEYWORDS:

complications; gastric banding; obesity

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