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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2013 Mar 1;304(5):C440-9. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00363.2012. Epub 2012 Dec 19.

Characterization of the R162W Kir7.1 mutation associated with snowflake vitreoretinopathy.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA.

Abstract

KCNJ13 encodes Kir7.1, an inwardly rectifying K(+) channel that is expressed in multiple ion-transporting epithelia. A mutation in KCNJ13 resulting in an arginine-to-tryptophan change at residue 162 (R162W) of Kir7.1 was associated with snowflake vitreoretinal degeneration, an inherited autosomal-dominant disease characterized by vitreous degeneration and mild retinal degeneration. We used the Xenopus laevis oocyte expression system to assess the functional properties of the R162W (mutant) Kir7.1 channel and determine how wild-type (WT) Kir7.1 is affected by the presence of the mutant subunit. Recordings obtained via the two-electrode voltage-clamp technique revealed that injection of oocytes with mutant Kir7.1 cRNA resulted in currents and cation selectivity that were indistinguishable from those in water-injected oocytes, suggesting that the mutant protein does not form functional channels in the plasma membrane. Coinjection of oocytes with equal amounts of mutant and WT Kir7.1 cRNAs resulted in inward K(+) and Rb(+) currents with amplitudes that were ∼17% of those in oocytes injected with WT Kir7.1 cRNA alone, demonstrating a dominant-negative effect of the mutant subunit. Similar to oocytes injected with WT Kir7.1 cRNA alone, coinjected oocytes exhibited inwardly rectifying Rb(+) currents that were more than seven times larger than K(+) currents, indicating that mutant subunits did not alter Kir7.1 channel selectivity. Immunostaining of Xenopus oocytes or Madin-Darby canine kidney cells expressing mutant or WT Kir7.1 demonstrated distribution of both proteins primarily in the plasma membrane. Our data suggest that the R162W mutation suppresses Kir7.1 channel activity, possibly by negatively impacting gating by membrane phosphadidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate.

PMID:
23255580
PMCID:
PMC3602648
DOI:
10.1152/ajpcell.00363.2012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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