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Swiss Med Wkly. 2012 Nov 28;142:w13713. doi: 10.4414/smw.2012.13713.

A road map for patients with imminent end-stage renal disease.

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Clinic for Transplantation Immunology and Nephrology, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland.


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents a relevant medical and financial burden. More than 5% of the population suffers from CKD. There should be an accurately timed evaluation of best renal replacement therapy in all patients with CKD. Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage renal disease. Living donated kidney transplantation offers the best results and should be evaluated in every patient suitable for transplantation. Haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are equally effective treatment options in patients not suitable for transplantation and should be individually evaluated. Conservative treatment, avoiding a dialysis treatment, can also be an option. Close cooperation of the general practitioner with a nephrologist improves patient management and helps to lower costs.

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