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Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Mar;51(3):170-8. doi: 10.5414/CP201807.

Jolkinolide B from Euphorbia fischeriana Steud induces in human leukemic cells apoptosis via JAK2/STAT3 pathways.

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Department of Geriatrics, China Medical University, Shenyang, China.


Jolkinolide B from the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana Steud exhibits significant antitumor activities against several tumor lines. Previous study has shown that Jolkinolide B could induce apoptosis in human leukemia cells. However, the exact mechanism and signaling pathway involved in Jolkinolide B-induced apoptosis have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we found that Jolkinolide B reduced cell viability and induced apoptosis in dose- and time-dependent manner in human leukemic HL-60 and THP-1 cells. The induction of apoptosis was accompanied by the downregulation of JAK2/STAT3. Our results also suggest that expression of Bcl-2 and mitochondrial cytochrome c was dosedependently reduced following Jolkinolide B-treated THP-1 and HL-60 cells, whereas Jolkinolide B up-regulated the expression of Bax and cytosolic cytochrome c. Moreover, we observed that Jolkinolide B treatment resulted in activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9. JSI-124, a STAT-3 inhibitor, was able to block the negative effect of Jolkinolide B on cell apoptosis. Taken together, our study for the first time suggests that Jolkinolide B is able to enhance apoptosis of human leukemic HL-60 and THP-1 cells, at least in part, through downregulation of JAK2/STAT3 and bcl-2, and upregulation of Bax and cytosolic cytochrome c. Moreover, the triggering of caspase-3, -8, and -9 activation mediated apoptotic induction.

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