Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Reprod Immunol. 2013 Mar;69(3):240-7. doi: 10.1111/aji.12061. Epub 2012 Dec 17.

Cyclic stretch augments production of neutrophil chemokines and matrix metalloproteinase-1 in human uterine smooth muscle cells.

Author information

1
Departmaent of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

PROBLEM:

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of uterine contraction on the immune environment within the uterus during parturition.

METHOD OF STUDY:

Uterine smooth muscle cells (USMC) were isolated from uterine myometrial tissues and cultured. The effects of cyclic stretch on mRNA and/or protein expression of IL-8, Groα, and pro-MMP-1 by USMC were measured using RT-PCR and ELISA. Neutrophil chemotactic activity in conditioned media was evaluated using migration assays. To evaluate the effect of progesterone (P(4) ), USMC were pretreated with P(4) for 24 hr.

RESULTS:

Cyclic stretch increased IL-8 and Groα mRNA and protein and pro-MMP-1 production significantly. Supernatants from stretched cells induced neutrophil chemotactic activity significantly; these effects were abrogated by anti-IL-8 or Groα neutralizing antibodies. Stretch effects were reduced by P(4) .

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that uterine contraction may induce neutrophil infiltration and MMP-1 production, which may contribute to cervical ripening and rupture of membrane. The inhibitory effects of P(4) may explain the mechanism by which progestin prevents preterm labor.

PMID:
23253141
DOI:
10.1111/aji.12061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center