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Clin Endosc. 2012 Nov;45(4):404-11. doi: 10.5946/ce.2012.45.4.404. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

The Effect of the Bowel Preparation Status on the Risk of Missing Polyp and Adenoma during Screening Colonoscopy: A Tandem Colonoscopic Study.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Healthcare Center, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Medical Immunology Center, Institute of Biomedical Science and Technology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Although a small amount of fecal material can obscure significant colorectal lesions, it has not been well documented whether bowel preparation status affects the missing risk of colorectal polyps and adenomas during a colonoscopy.

METHODS:

We prospectively enrolled patients with one to nine colorectal polyps and at least one adenoma of >5 mm in size at the screening colonoscopy. Tandem colonoscopy with polypectomy was carried out within 3 months.

RESULTS:

A total of 277 patients with 942 polyps and 714 adenomas completed index and tandem examinations. At the index colonoscopy, 187 polyps (19.9%) and 127 adenomas (17.8%) were missed. The per-patient miss rate of polyps and adenomas increased significantly as the bowel cleansing rate declined from excellent to poor/inadequate on the Aronchick scale (polyps, p=0.024; adenomas, p=0.040). The patients with poor/inadequate bowel preparation were independently associated with an increased risk of having missed polyps (odds ratio [OR], 3.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13 to 9.15) or missed adenomas (OR, 3.04; 95% CI, 1.04 to 8.88) compared to the patients with excellent bowel preparation.

CONCLUSIONS:

The risk of missing polyps and adenomas during screening colonoscopy is significantly affected by bowel preparation status. It seems appropriate to shorten the colonoscopy follow-up interval for patients with suboptimal bowel preparation.

KEYWORDS:

Adenoma miss rate; Bowel preparation; Colonoscopy; Polyp miss rate; Surveillance

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