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Nat Commun. 2012;3:1297. doi: 10.1038/ncomms2279.

CRT1 is a nuclear-translocated MORC endonuclease that participates in multiple levels of plant immunity.

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Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.

Erratum in

  • Nat Commun. 2013;4:1297. Mang, Hyong-Gon [corrected to Mang, Hyung-Gon].


Arabidopsis thaliana CRT1 (compromised for recognition of Turnip Crinkle Virus) was previously shown to be required for effector-triggered immunity. Sequence analyses previously revealed that CRT1 contains the ATPase and S5 domains characteristic of Microchidia (MORC) proteins; these proteins are associated with DNA modification and repair. Here we show that CRT1 and its closest homologue, CRH1, are also required for pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity, basal resistance, non-host resistance and systemic acquired resistance. Consistent with its role in PAMP-triggered immunity, CRT1 interacted with the PAMP recognition receptor FLS2. Subcellular fractionation and transmission electron microscopy detected a subpopulation of CRT1 in the nucleus, whose levels increased following PAMP treatment or infection with an avirulent pathogen. These results, combined with the demonstration that CRT1 binds DNA, exhibits endonuclease activity, and affects tolerance to the DNA-damaging agent mitomycin C, argue that this prototypic eukaryotic member of the MORC superfamily has important nuclear functions during immune response activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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