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J Hazard Mater. 2013 Jan 15;244-245:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.11.036. Epub 2012 Nov 23.

Biostabilization enhancement of heavy metals during the vermiremediation of sewage sludge with passivant.

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1
Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, 8 Jiang Wang Miao Street, Nanjing 210042, PR China.

Abstract

The present study revealed the effects of fly ash (FA) and phosphoric rock (PR) on stabilization of sewage sludge (SS) after vermicomposting for 60 days. The earthworms in all vermibeds showed significant increases in tissue metal; however, the bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of all investigated metals (except Zn) differed among treatments. Additionally, significant differences were observed in the final system weight and SS+Passivant weight reduction among treatments, but not in the percentage reduction of total system weight and organic matter (OM). pH decreased from the initial levels, eventually reaching neutrality. Significantly greater earthworm heavy metals content, growth and reproduction rates and BCFs were observed, while a decreased percentage of total heavy metals concentration and a proportional decrease of extractable metals (except Cu and Zn) were observed in treatments mixed with FA and PR. Furthermore, significant linear correlations between BCFs and a reduction in percentage concentration of total metals (Cu, Pb, Cd and As) were shown, as well as BCF-Cu and relative proportional changes in extractable Cu. These results indicate that vermicomposting with proportions of FA and PR is better for stabilization and remediation of SS in a short period of time.

PMID:
23246935
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.11.036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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