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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2013 Mar;120(3):275-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2012.10.010. Epub 2012 Dec 11.

Impact of the complete ban on female genital cutting on the attitude of educated women from Upper Egypt toward the practice.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the prevalence of female genital cutting (FGC) before and 5 years after the law completely banned the practice in Egypt, and evaluate the attitude of educated mothers of girls toward FGC in Upper Egypt.

METHODS:

All women attending 2 outpatient clinics in Upper Egypt were approached from January 1 through November 30, 2011. A trained nurse interviewed those who had daughters, and factors influencing their attitude toward FGC were evaluated. The participants in a previous study done in the same locality acted a historical comparison group.

RESULTS:

The percentage of women who had FGC performed on at least 1 daughter was significantly lower in 2011 than in 2006 (71.6% vs 77.8%, P=0.04). The main reason for performing FGC, given by 42.6% of the participants, was family pressure. The percentage of FGC procedures practiced by physicians was significantly lower in 2011 than it was in 2006 (34.6% vs 39.3%, P=0.04).

CONCLUSION:

The decrease in prevalence of FGC after its complete ban was small after 5 years, with little change in attitude among educated families in Upper Egypt. In addition to the current law, a change in attitude will be needed to wipe out this custom.

PMID:
23245920
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijgo.2012.10.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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