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J Thorac Oncol. 2013 Jan;8(1):89-95. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e31827690b5.

How sensitive are epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors for squamous cell carcinoma of the lung harboring EGFR gene-sensitive mutations?

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1
Division of Integrated Oncology, Institute of Biomedical Research and Innovation, Kobe, Japan.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are found mostly in adenocarcinoma, and rarely in squamous cell carcinoma (SQC). Little is known about SQC harboring EGFR mutations.

METHODS:

Between April 2006 and October 2010, we investigated the incidence of EGFR activating mutations in SQC of the lung using the peptide nucleic acid-locked nucleic acid polymerase chain reaction clamp method. The efficacy of EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) was retrospectively evaluated in patients with EGFR-mutated SQC. Further pathologic analyses were performed using immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

Thirty-three of 249 patients with SQC (13.3%) had EGFR mutations, including exon 19 deletion (19 of 33 patients, 58%), L858R point mutation in exon 21 (12 of 33, 36%), and G719S point mutation in exon 18 (2 of 33, 6%). Twenty of these 33 patients received EGFR-TKI therapy, and five of these 20 responded to EGFR-TKIs with a response rate of 25.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.7%-49.1%). The patients' median progression-free survival and median overall survival were 1.4 months (95% CI, 0.7-5.8 months) and 14.6 months (95% CI, 2.9-undeterminable months), respectively. Approximately one third of the EGFR-mutated SQC patients achieved progression-free survival for longer than 6 months. Some of these patients had high carcinoembryonic antigen levels or a history of never smoking, or were positive for thyroid transcription factor-1.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although EGFR-TKIs seem to be generally less effective in EGFR-mutated SQC than in EGFR-mutated adenocarcinoma, some EGFR-mutated SQC patients can obtain clinical benefit from EGFR-TKIs. To better identify these patients, not only EGFR mutation status, but also clinical factors and pathologic findings should be taken into consideration.

PMID:
23242440
DOI:
10.1097/JTO.0b013e31827690b5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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