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Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2012 Dec 15;10:109. doi: 10.1186/1477-7827-10-109.

Role of reactive nitrogen species in male infertility.

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1
Center for Reproductive Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Abstract

Reactive nitrogen species (RNS) is a subset of free oxygen radicals called reactive oxygen species (ROS). Physiological levels of ROS are necessary to maintain the reproductive functions such as cell signaling, tight junction regulation, production of hormones, capacitation, acrosomal reaction, sperm motility, and zona pellucida binding. However, an excess of RNS can adversely affect reproductive potential by causing testicular dysfunction, decreased gonadotropin secretion, and abnormal semen parameters. Because such levels of RNS have been demonstrated in males with fertility problems and routine semen analysis has not been able to accurately predict IVF outcomes, it is imperative that novel strategies be developed in order to both assess and treat oxidative stress. This article describes both physiological and pathological roles of this unique subset of ROS.

PMID:
23241221
PMCID:
PMC3558381
DOI:
10.1186/1477-7827-10-109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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