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Memory. 2013;21(6):619-32. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2012.744423. Epub 2012 Dec 14.

The effects of gender on the retrieval of episodic and semantic components of autobiographical memory.

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1
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. amanda19@yorku.ca

Abstract

Despite consistent evidence that women exhibit greater episodic memory specificity than men, little attention has been paid to gender differences in the production of episodic details during autobiographical recall under conditions of high and low retrieval support. Similarly the role of gender on the production of semantic details used to support autobiographical memory recollections of specific events has been largely unexplored. In the present study an undergraduate sample of 50 men and 50 women were assessed using the Autobiographical Interview (Levine, Svoboda, Hay, Winocur, & Moscovitch, 2002). Women recalled more episodic information compared to men in the high retrieval support condition, whereas no gender differences were found in the low retrieval support condition. In addition, women produced more repetitions compared to men in the high retrieval support condition. No gender differences were found in the production of semantic details. These results are interpreted in terms of gender differences in encoding and reminiscence practices. This research adds to the literature on gender differences in memory recall and suggests that gender is an important variable in explaining individual differences in AM recall.

PMID:
23240928
DOI:
10.1080/09658211.2012.744423
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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