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Elife. 2012 Dec 13;1:e00070. doi: 10.7554/eLife.00070.

The activity-dependent histone variant H2BE modulates the life span of olfactory neurons.

Author information

1
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology , Harvard University , Cambridge , United States.

Abstract

We have identified a replication-independent histone variant, Hist2h2be (referred to herein as H2be), which is expressed exclusively by olfactory chemosensory neurons. Levels of H2BE are heterogeneous among olfactory neurons, but stereotyped according to the identity of the co-expressed olfactory receptor (OR). Gain- and loss-of-function experiments demonstrate that changes in H2be expression affect olfactory function and OR representation in the adult olfactory epithelium. We show that H2BE expression is reduced by sensory activity and that it promotes neuronal cell death, such that inactive olfactory neurons display higher levels of the variant and shorter life spans. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of H2BE differ from those of the canonical H2B, consistent with a role for H2BE in altering transcription. We propose a physiological function for H2be in modulating olfactory neuron population dynamics to adapt the OR repertoire to the environment.DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.00070.001.

KEYWORDS:

Mouse; epigenetics; histone; olfactory

PMID:
23240083
PMCID:
PMC3510456
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.00070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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